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托福写作论据的正反方面剖析法
2014年11月28日 10:48
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托福写作论据的正反方面剖析法
考生拿到一个托福作文题目后,无论对这个题目持有什么样的立场,都可以按照以上两个方面来构思。我们可以通...在考生拿到一个托福作文题目后,无论对这个题目持有什么样的立场,都可以按照以上两个方面来构思。下面,我们可以通过分析两个例题来感受上述方法。
 
1. Government should be responsible for the tuition fee of university
 
students. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
 
题目的意思是政府该不该支付大学生的学费,针对这个题目,无论是同意还是不同意,我们都按个人和社会两个角度来看一下。
 
同意
 
个人:For those students who are with great intelligence but from 
 
poor families, government surely should be responsible for their 
 
tuition fee and provide them opportunities to go to school and then 
 
release pressure for their families. 因为此题讨论的是大学生的学费,正如前面所提到的,个人的构思角度包括"个人家庭经济背景"。
 
社会:As we all know, economy is a master key to a country's 
 
development and it is undeniable that students who finish their 
 
education are the main force pushing forward social and 
 
economic development, for which government should 
 
encourage education for the benefits of the whole society. 既然从社会角度出发,就要试着往这方面靠拢,首先想想学生接受教育对社会的益处是什么?上文提到,社会角度包括"经济",所以政府支持教育必然对推进社会 经济发展有好处。
 
不同意
 
个人:Paying tuition fee for university students can make them
 
access to education easier, therefore, some students may 
 
lose motivation without financial pressure and will not cherish 
 
the studying opportunities. As a consequence, itis hard to 
 
guarantee the quality of university education. 个人的角度包括"学习动机",政府给大学生支付学费可能会让他们丧失学习动机,从而影响教学质量。
 
社会:Due to the limited financial budget, government is likely 
 
to suffer a great pressure if spending too much money on 
 
education; as a result, our government will not have extra 
 
energy to develop in other fields, such as science and 
 
technology, as well as the medical advances,which 
 
are also with great significance to society.
 
我们之前也提到,社会的构思角度除了"教育"之外还有其他方面,例如"经济"或者"文化"或者"环境保护"。所以一旦政府在教育上花费过多,其他领域的发展就会受到限制。
 
2. Machines can do a lot of work for human being, it can bring 
 
many benefits. To what extent do you agree or disagree.
 
同意
 
个人:More work can be done in a relatively shorter time,which
 
can greatly increase the working efficiency and improve quality of 
 
life by reducing the working tense; the benefits of this trend also 
 
can ensure safety of employees as some work with great danger 
 
can rely on machines
 
个人角度包括个人的身体健康(人身安全)和生活方式。所以这里的论据 "减轻劳动强度"和 "增强安全程度"正是来源于此。而且Reduce the working tense之后就意味着生活将更轻松"改善生活方式"。
 
社会:The economic development speeds up due to the 
 
improvement of productivity by using machines, which never 
 
feel tired and are not dependent external factors, such as 
 
emotion and weather.
 
社会包括"经济",所以机器代替人类能够提高社会生产力,从而促进"社会经济"发展。
 
不同意
 
个人:Relying on machines too much may lead to lack of 
 
exercise and then cause human's healthy problems. 个人角度包含"个人的健康"问题。因此我们可以想到如果过多的依赖机器,人们就会缺乏运动从而导致健康水平下降。
 
社会:Some handicraft skills cannot be passed on and the 
 
traditional culture may die out since the skilled workers have 
 
been replaced by machines. Moreover, it is usually more 
 
resource consuming and causes environmental problems 
 
by using machines in the mass production.因为社会包括"传统文化",进一步我们可以想到机器工作多了必然导致人们的手工技能或者称之为传统文化将会在社会中消亡。同时,社 会包括"环境问题"。机器虽然可以提高效率,但是会消耗能源或者排放一些污染环境的物质,因为会涉及到环保问题,同样属于社会的构思角度。
 
从以上几个例题的分析可以看到,如果在找托福写作论据的时候,按照个人和社会这两个微观和宏观的角度来分析的话,不仅会给考生在很大程度上提供论据和写作思路,还可以使文章更有逻辑性。希望各位同学掌握此方法,轻松迅速的找对托福写作论据。

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