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Part3开口跪?如何扩展你的答案?-张重阳

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2020-04-13 17:17

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作者:石家庄新航道雅思听说组-张重阳

很多同学都会觉得在part3回答感到很难展开,实从考官的意图上,也不难理解,为什么在part3大家会感到考官的“刁难”,part 1很大程度上就是warm up, part 2monologue,根据现有题库都可以提前准备,so Part 3 is the examiners chance to really test you and stretch your language abilities to the very limit. 换句话说,考官会问一些不会让我们感到游刃有余的话题,增加难度直到我们感到难以回答,不是考官真心刁难,而是要通过这些问题来检测我们的知识和语法词汇的广度和深度。

本身part3回答没有长度的限制,但是最好还是控制在6-8sentences,也就是4-5分钟的part3问题控制在6个问题之内,太短的话可能我们不能充分展开我们的观点,但是太长的话有可能会跑题或者出现错误。

在具体展开话题上,给大家提供4个小方法,帮助你流利展开话题。

Part3开口跪?如何扩展你的答案?-张重阳

1. Paraphrase questions

首先,如果对话题突然“短路”,不知道回答什么,可以paraphrase考官问题,注意并不是重复问题,而是使用近义表达,这样不仅给自己争取了时间,而且也比较自然地聚焦到话题上。比如

Q: What can people do to try and reduce water pollution?

A: So, what can individuals do to ensure water is kept clean? I think….

或者

Q: How can events like the Olympics improve international relations?

A: emmmm, how can sport bring people from different countries closer together? I believe…

但是,要注意不要经常使用,还是尽量直接回答考官问题。

2. Explain why

很多小伙伴在回答的时候,更多地只说自己的观点,却不展开或者说自己对于观点的感受,原因是觉得考官能够自己“意会”,不用解释,越解释越乱,但是我们对于part3, 还是要尽量充分解释,直接假想考官对于话题知识一无所知,你在对小朋友解释自己的感受,一定要越细致越好。比如

Examiner: What can people do to reduce water pollution?

Student: I believe the best way to keep water clean is to curb water use at home. (Why?) The vast majority of water is used in the home, (why?), for cooking, cleaning and washing, (why?) therefore by reducing the amount of water we use, (why?) the government can conserve the water supply and keep it clean.

在回答的时候多问自己几个why, 可以让我们尽量解释我们的观点,让话题充分地展开。

3. Give Examplesmy experience

很多同学已经认识到了举例子的重要性,但是在实际考试当中我们却做得不多。大家会觉得例子很难举,但是如果没有例子,我们的答案就很难展开,其实我们也可以加入个人的经历来充分展开话题,但要注意不能是完全个人化的,如把me换成local people, the people in my country, 或在举例部分对自己进行假设,比如

Q1: How do companies encourage the customers to spend their money?

A: Well, a recent development in my country is something called Double Eleven Day where people are encouraged to shop until they drop and buy the latest must-have products, then there are things like coupons and vouchers to get customers back in the store.

Q2: Do you think shopping habits are likely to change in the future?

Opinion: As far as Im concerned shopping habits will change considerably over the next few years, particularly with online purchases and the use of crypto-currency to pay for items.

Reason: One reason for this is that most people these days prefer online shopping and carrying paper cash is becoming a thing of the past, as cryptocurrency is gaining in popularity now.

Example: For instance, if I want to buy books, a new PC, clothing or just about anything, its often much cheaper and quicker to buy on Taobao, there are options to pay with Alipay or Wechat payment when buying online too. Another thing is that very few people use cash now as shopping is becoming more efficient and digital. In the near future, I think shoppers wont be carrying paper cash.

4. Make Concessions

我们在part3也会采用让步和妥协,承认我们观点的局限性或者事物的两面性,使用‘however’, ‘on the other hand’ 或者 ‘despite this’来承接让步的部分,这并不会减弱我们的观点的说服力,相反还会增强我们表达的准确度和客观性。比如,在观点当中就体现出客观性。

Do you think people should have to pay to visit museums?

Yes. Although some museums are far too expensive, I don’t reckon that museums should be completely free for everyone.

Do you think that teachers will be replaced by robots in the future?

I don’t think so. Even though I’ve read lots of articles that say it’s the future of education, I still believe that children need to have real-life, human teachers to look up to as role models.

或者双面讨论。

Q: To what extent do you think advertising affects people’s shopping habits?

A: Personally, I don’t think that it affects the way people shop at all. When people need something they make up their own mind rather than thinking about adverts. However, it must have some influence, if companies pay lots of money for ads.

以上,就是我们可以常用的4种展开话题的方法,paraphrasing, explaining why, giving examples, concession,当然,每一个part3话题都有所不同,希望大家能够运用上述的技巧,帮助自己延伸答案,有更好的表现。Now get practicing.


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